Chapter 11: Incinerators

11.1 Introduction 3
11.1.1 Incinerators related important references 3
11.2 Waste Gas Stream Treatment Technologies 3
11.2.1 Thermal Oxidizers 5
11.2.2 Other Gas Waste stream VOC reduction Technology Types 9
11.3 Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Waste Incinerators 14
11.3.1 Waste Characterization 15
11.3.2 Characterization Factors affecting Waste Profile 17
11.3.3 Optimum Waste Profile for Design 18
11.4 Types of solid, liquid and gaseous waste incinerators 19
11.4.1 Rotary Kiln Incinerator 19
11.4.2 Liquid Injection Incinerator 24
11.4.3 Fluidised Bed Incinerator 27
11.4.4 Multiple Hearth Incinerator 28
11.4.5 Plasma Incinerator 31
11.5 The additional support infrastructure in a central HWI facility 33
11.6 Air Pollution Control Equipment 38
11.7 Depending on the type of waste, the various different configuration 56
11.7.1 Incineration process configurations for disposal of gaseous or liquid waste with no appreciable SOx or NOx production. 57
11.7.2 Incineration of Gaseous or Liquid waste to control SOx or Cl2 / HCl 59
11.7.3 Incineration of Gaseous or Liquid to control NOx 60
11.7.4 Incineration of Gaseous or Liquid Waste to Control NOx and Cl2 / HCl 61
11.7.5 Incineration of Liquid waste to control particulars 62
11.7.6 Incineration of solid waste with no appreciable SOx or NOx production 64
11.7.7 Incineration of fine solids in gaseous waste to control particulates 65
11.7.8 Incineration of fine solid waste to control NOx 66
11.7.9 Incineration of Solid Waste to control particulates 66
11.7.10 Incineration of High Nitrogen Crude to control NOx 67
11.8 References 68

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