Chapter 27: Engineering Disciplines and Sequence of Engineering

27.1Engineering Disciplines3
27.2Interaction of Engineering Disciplines with Process3
27.2.1Piping Discipline3
27.2.1.1Unit Plot Plans and Overall Plot plan3
27.2.1.2Isometrics Produced by Piping Discipline6
27.2.2Instrumentation Discipline8
27.2.2.1Alarm & Trip Set Points8
27.2.2.2Logic / Sequential Diagrams8
27.2.2.3DCS Graphics9
27.2.3Civil Discipline14
27.2.4Electrical Discipline15
27.2.4.1Finalisation of Motor List17
27.2.5Mechanical Discipline18
27.2.5.1Nozzle Orientation18
27.2.5.2Checking Of Column Internals / Other Internals19
27.2.5.3Agitator Mounted Equipment19
27.2.5.4Pumps19
27.2.5.5Compressors / Fans / Blowers20
27.2.5.6Agitators21
27.3Inter discipline Interactions explained in Diagrams22
27.4Proposals25
27.4.1Contents of Report40
27.5Cost Estimation41
27.6Financial Analysis42
27.6.1Investment Outlay42
27.6.1.1Tangible fixed investment42
27.6.1.2Intangible fixed investment42
27.6.1.3Preliminary expenses42
27.6.1.4Preoperative expenses42
27.6.1.5Working capital42
27.6.2Means of Financing43
27.6.2.1Share Capital, Equity, Preference43
27.6.2.2Central government subsidy43
27.6.2.3.Long term debt43
27.6.2.4Current liabilities43
27.7Fundamentals of Financial analysis43
27.7.1Time line Concept44
27.7.2Cash Flow44
27.7.3Investment evaluation45
27.8Project Ranking49
27.8.1Simple Payout50
27.8.2Mutually Exclusive Projects50
27.8.3Sensitivity Analysis53
27.8.4Present value ratio54
27.9References60