Chapter 37: Specialised studies

37.1Introduction3
37.2Flow Assurance Study3
37.2.1Flow Assurance consists of the following analyses3
37.2.3Applications3
37.2.4Software3
37.2.5Study results4
37.2.6Flow assurance – two separate but connected studies4
37.2.6.1Steady state flow assurance study5
37.2.6.2Transient state study includes the following scenarios6
37.2.7Design Data7
37.2.8Few Important Details9
37.2.9Surge analysis9
37.2.9.1Potential Surge Pressure Hazards10
37.2.9.2Pressure Wave Velocity10
37.2.9.3Surge Pressure Rise14
37.2.9.4Pressure Capability15
37.2.9.5Allowable Surge Pressure15
37.2.9.6Surge Mitigation Recommendations16
37.3Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Study (Ram Study)22
37.3.1Software used in RAM study22
37.3.2Software23
37.3.3Terms and definitions23
37.3.4Input Documents required for study26
37.3.5RAM Methodology26
37.3.6Reliability Data26
37.3.7Failure Rate Class Types27
37.3.8Failure Rate Pattern (“Bath Tub Curve”)28
37.3.9Maintainability28
37.3.10Availability29
37.4Multi Product Pipeline Batching Study30
37.4.1Types of Pipelines usages30
37.4.2Pipeline Batching30
37.4.3Units of measurement used in formulae31
37.4.4Terminology31
37.4.5Objective of a batching study32
37.4.6Basic Inputs Required for Study32
37.4.7Assumptions usually taken in study32
37.4.8Methodology33
37.4.9Case Study of Product Batching38
37.5References55